Textile Glossary

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Finish oil"Oil that is put on a yarn, either flat or textured, to reduce friction during subsequent processing stages."
Findings"Any extra items attached to a garment during the manufacturing process. This can include trims, buttons, hooks, snaps, or embellishments."
Finished Fabric"A fabric that has gone through all the necessary finishing processes, and is ready to be used in the manufacturing of garments."
FlamméA slub yarn.
Flame Resistant"A term used to describe a fabric that burns very slowly, or has the ability to self-extinguish upon the removal of an external flame."
Flame Retardant"A chemical applied to a fabric, or incorporated into the fiber at the time of production, which significantly reduces a fabric's flammability."
Flannel"A medium-weight, plain or twill weave fabric that is typically made from cotton, a cotton blend, or wool. The fabric has a very soft hand, brushed on both sides to lift the fiber ends out of the base fabric and create a soft, fuzzy surface. End-uses incl
Flannelette"A woven cotton fabric with a soft, raised surface."
Flash spunbonding"A major variant of spunbonding, developed by DuPont, where polypropylene is solvent-dissolved and then pumped through holes into a chamber. The solvent is then flashed off, and highly oriented filaments are produced."
Flash-spunA type of web made by flash spunbonding.
FlaxThe fibre used to make linen textiles.
Floating (warp)A length of warp yarn which passes over two or more weft threads (rather than intersecting with them) in a woven structure.
Floating (weft)A length of weft yarn which passes over two or more warp threads (rather than intersecting with them) in a woven structure.
FloatsWarp float: a length of warp yarn on the surface of a woven fabric which passes over two or more weft threads; weft float: a length of weft yarn on the surface of a woven fabric which passes over two or more warp threads.
Flocking"A type of raised decoration applied to the surface of a fabric in which an adhesive is printed on the fabric in a specific pattern, and then finely chopped fibers are applied by means of dusting, air-brushing, or electrostatic charges. The fibers adhere
Flock printing"A process in which a fabric is printed with an adhesive, followed by the application of finely chopped fibres over the whole surface of the fabric by means of dusting-on, an air blast, or electrostatic attraction. The fibres adhere to the printed areas,
FlounceHanging strips of material which are normally sewn to the hem of a skirt.
Foam printingA process in which a rubber solution is turned into a foam and squeezed through a screen to make a rubber print. Also known as puff rubber printing.
FOB Free-on-boardgoods are delivered on-board a ship or to another carrier at no cost to the buyer.
Folded yarnA yarn made by twisting two or more single yarns together in one operation.
FOYFully oriented yarn.
Foulard"A lightweight twill-weave fabric, made from filament yarns like silk, acetate, polyester, with a small all-over print pattern on a solid background. The fabric is often used in men's ties."
FR (flame retardant)"Fibres, yarns or fabrics which resist burning."
Free swell absorbency"The weight of fluid in grams that can be absorbed by 1 gram of fibre, yarn or fabric."
Friction angle (geotextiles)"An angle, the tangent of which is equal to the ratio of the friction force per unit area and the normal stress between the two materials and quantifies soilgeotextile friction."
FriséA fine bouclé yarn.
Fuji silkA spun-silk fabric woven in a plain weave.
FaceThe right side or the better-looking side of the fabric.
Faille"A glossy, soft, finely-ribbed silk-like woven fabric made from cotton, silk, or manufactured fibers."
Facing"A piece of fabric that is sewn to the collar, front opening, cuffs, or arms eye of a garment to create a finished look."
FairisleA type of sweater knitted with a coloured pattern in a traditional design originating in Scotland.
False-twist texturing"A process in which a single filament yarn is twisted, set and untwisted. When yarns made from thermoplastic materials are heat-set in a twisted condition, the deformation of the filaments is ""memorised"" and the yarn is given greater bulk."
FDYFully drawn yarn.
Fell (of the cloth)The edge of the fabric in a weaving loom formed by the last weft thread.
Felting"The matting together of fibres during processing. This is achieved on animal hair or wool by the application of moisture or heat, which causes the constituent fibres to mat together."
FIBCs"Flexible intermediate bulk containers. Large polypropylene woven containers used for packaging and carrying granulated bulk goods. FIBCs are suitable for containing or carrying loads between 500 and 2,000 kg."
Fibre/Fiber"A material used to make textiles which is flexible, fine, and has a high ratio of length to thickness."
Fibrefill/Fiberfill"Staple fibres used for stuffing or padding quilts, upholstery and toys, etc."
Fibrillation"the longitudinal splitting of a fibre or filament to give either micro-fine surface hairs or a complete breakdown into sub-micron fibres. In fabrics for apparel, fibrillation can be used to create a variety of surface textures and attractive aesthetics.
Fibroin"A tough, elastic protein which forms the principal component of raw silk."
FilamentA fibre of indefinite length.
Filling"In a woven fabric, the yarns that run cross the fabric from selvage to selvage, and which run perpendicular to the warp or lengthwise yarns. Also referred to as the weft."
Filter cake (geotextiles)The graded soil structure developed upstream of the bridging particles on a geotextile acting as a filter.
Filtration (geotextiles)A formulation of glass designed for use in electric circuitry which has particularly good electrical and heat resistance properties. E-glass is also the most common type of glass formulation used in glass-fibre reinforcements.